POLITICAL THEORY - Karl Marx

Karl Marx remains deeply important today not as the man who told us what to replace capitalism with, but as someone who brilliantly pointed out certain of its problems. The School of Life, a pro-Capitalist institution, takes a look. For gifts and more from The School of Life, visit our online shop: https://goo.gl/O1tWri
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FURTHER READING

“Most people agree that we need to improve our economic system somehow. It threatens our planet through excessive consumption, distracts us with irrelevant advertising, leaves people hungry and without healthcare, and fuels unnecessary wars. Yet we’re also often keen to dismiss the ideas of its most famous and ambitious critic, Karl Marx. This isn’t very surprising. In practice, his political and economic ideas have been used to design disastrously planned economies and nasty dictatorships. Frankly, the remedies Marx proposed for the ills of the world now sound a bit demented. He thought we should abolish private property. People should not be allowed to own things. At certain moments one can sympathise. But it’s like wanting to ban gossip or forbid watching television. It’s going to war with human behaviour. And Marx believed the world would be put to rights by a dictatorship of the proletariat; which does not mean anything much today. Openly Marxist parties received a total of only 1,685 votes in the 2010 UK general election, out of the nearly 40 million ballots cast…”

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CREDITS

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  • gud bie

    We gonna pretend like marx and Engles didn't write adorable poetry to each other ?

  • DoopsieTootsie

    S E I Z E D A M E M E O F T H E P R O D U C T I O N

  • Juan CMF

    "What's of everyone is of no one"

  • Ada Onur

    Thanks for this video greetings from Republic Of Turkey

  • TheSciFiCat

    Communist joke:"Comrade, it this the line where there is no bread?""No Comrade, this is the line where there is no milk, the line where there is no bread is over there."

  • Brady M

    These are just your opinions... You reference Marx's words like 3 times...

  • Disco Stu

    Youll never find a perfect political idea that will ever work. Its not the way nature intended. Which is why civilisations fall and history just repetes itself with more moden twist. The only necessities for human life is food, water, shelter and reproducing. Every thing else is a man made luxury and politics is just a way of controlling those luxuries. Morning, noon, night nothing more nothing less. We invent time and now humans are the only creature on the planet that worry time is running out. With the expedential growth of the human race we have become a virius to our host, earth. What we do know is that no matter what, the out come is always the same, the virius kills the host or the host kills the virius.

  • Sirio Martins

    Make one about Bakunin

  • Derek Joselen

    The point that really hits me is that as a capitalist society we produce so many houses, cars, electronics etc. that everyone in this country could have one but we have so many people in poverty, living pay check to pay check and theres only 1% of people who barely do any hard work but live the richest and most comfortably FROM the other 99% of people who work hard.

  • Tanner Herzman

    well at least the Antisemitism is low in the comments.. LOL..

  • Terra Sancta

    Karl Marx was terrible with money apparently

  • E B

    This was one of the best comedy videos on the internet. You guys should make a comedy career!

  • niefanx

    As Marx himself and every other economist acknowledges, I think we can all agree that Capitalism is the most efficient system ever created. Note the keyword here is efficient, not free or equal. Capitalism created more value than all previous history combined because the drive to profit AKA greed is the strongest power of all built in man.Now that's why it is impossible to establish communism in one country. Be aware that communism in its ideal form is a freer and a more equal society, but not more efficient than capitalism. That means if you establish it in only one country, this country will be completely destroyed on the global market because it is bond to lose the competition for efficiency. Your industry will be crippled, your products will be inferior, and in the end you will lose in every aspect of the economy to other capitalist countries, foreign products in its abundance made by capitalism will completely overrun your local market if you don't close your market entirely, as have happened to every communist states in history.Communism is only "achievable" through an actual global revolution, not a revolution in any specific country. Marx thought the global revolution can be achieved because the colonial empires actually controls most of the planet at his time, but right now we have a world of more than 200 nation states, that chance is lost ironically due to anti-colonialism. Now the most important lesson to learn from this is, once you understand that communism can never happen in a specific country, you have to understand that anyone who advocate a communist revolution in your country is either a misguided sheep or a foreign subverter who have no other motive than to disrupt your economy. Be very aware that communism in your country will fail 100% because your economy will then lose in the global competition for efficiency and inevitably collapse just like happened in every other communist states.

  • Techy Nomad

    really disappointed how dare you say we should all be marxists. his diagnosis was lacking in any scientific knowledge we have now and lacking in any true depth of understanding its a child like complaint and its so easy to see how his ideology leads to nations of unrpoductive people ruled by a mad person and millions end up dead. arsehole whoever made this. youre supposed to be impartial when sharing information.

  • Eric Logan

    Well,Hitler has much more great ideas which has improved the society,however,dare you say that?Karl Marx and his believers are self centredI don't like Hitler neither,just saying Marx is not as great as they boasted,and his religion brings this world hell on earth.

  • Maksim Hudyakov

    Russia without communism turns into shit and comes closer to fascism because of your capitalism and wars with it. But communism is an ideal, and the ideal always begins with the worst socialism and dictatorship, but after dictatorship and morality, this dictatorship disappears and a normal democratic society begins with the highest morality. Morality is the main part of communism and without it it is impossible. The Communist Party of Russia was replaced by the party of the Rdina of Russia because of the large number of women who voted for it. United Russia is a party of fascism. Putin is evil fascist. Zyuganov is good communist.

  • M E

    I think unemployment means starvation. Marx was a very cynical man. People do marry for love. People do love their work. it is for them to work and get a career they enjoy. I chose nursing . Choice is part of freedom. Hard work IS happiness. I don't agree to slavery or horrible working conditions. . BUT I do not care how much money you have or don't have. You always need to do your best. That is happiness.

  • GabeN The Great

    Unimplemented is not freedom. Anyone telling you that is a heartless basement dweller with no intentions other than being a leach to the normal person. Also yes the crisis of capitalism are that of to much resource, that being said the ideas of Marxism have led to some of the greatest shortages of the modern world. Communists can say you have. Place in the world's heart and all kinds of hippy dippy nice words but that will never change what they are.

  • James Montegomery

    So many "isms". Made me jizzum.

  • Willy Guuse

    Marx is a total dumbass. Obviously, the first rule of economic problems are “there are insufficient wants and needs for everyone.” Therefore, we must work for our needs and it’s not slavery; it’s how the world should WORK. If not, it’ll be a total crisis.Look at all the other countries that took socialism and communism systematically. They’re the ones who are suffering the most.

  • Liberty Prime

    Marxism was severely flawed but I perfected it

  • Rippin FATVapez

    He had me until he said he doesn't believe in private property... 2 seconds in.

  • benjikern101

    This lecture from School of Life brings up an important point about the works of Karl Marx. We should not be so willing to dismiss his views without firm understanding. Communism as an economic policy has been disastrous. When implemented in places like China and the Soviet Union during the Cold War era, millions of peasants hoping for a better future were subjected to forced labor and often died of starvation due to the failure of agrarian reforms. Coupled with failed communist policy was the restriction of rights under a totalitarian regime. We know that communism in practice is ineffective but it is so naive to dismiss the whole concept of communism because of what history has shown us. As School of Life points out, we can be sympathetic with some of Marxs core beliefs such as his idea about commodity fetishism and the specialization. Marx believed that people were fundamentally motivated by material desires, the need for status and money. This is why he was so critical of bourgeoisie marriage because it was a matter of money and financial security. Love or happiness didn't ensure marriage. In Marx communist utopia, money would not be at the center of people's lives. People wouldn't need to worry about specialization and competition. Everyone would be on an equal level playing field. We need to understand this ideal and how many dictators have tried to pursue it. In other words, we must be sympathetic with Marx but at the same time be critical of the implementation of his ideas

  • wilson_1984

    Why has every attempt at Communism resulted in totalitarianism and exploitation of laborers, the very thing it aims to eliminate?

  • The Laughing Rabbit

    China, Russia, North Korea, Cuba, modern day utopias... until they gave up communism and socialism.... well, maybe not North Korea.

  • wqrer asd

    The point however is to change it

  • Tupactip

    One thing is for sure Karl Marx was racisthttp://warsoftherosoes.blogspot.com/2017/12/karl-marx.html

  • Coppercrusader

    Karl Marx - Instrumental in creating one of the most destructive governments to its own people in modern history.

  • Robert Bruce

    Marx was great at analysis, but his cure for those ills were insane in some cases and totally against human nature. Marx has a place at the table, but the Communist Manifesto isn't the answer!

  • patorikkudozzu

    If you think Capitalism can be merely "reformed" and things will just be peachy keen, read "Reform or Revolution." Rosa critiques the Socdem belief that the Revolution can be achieved via mere gradual change. Of course that doesn't mean Capitalism shouldn't be reformed, but it means that if you think the Revolution won't be necessary because we will arrive at classlessness via reformism, you are wrong.

  • Nicolas Micaux

    The best video about Karl Marx ever. Thanks you so much.

  • Taylor G

    This was perfectly described so....can someone explain the 10k dislikes almost? Uneducated folks perhaps? Awesome video!!

  • Lennart Ellegaard

    Hi! Just discovered your channel today, as i was searching for some notes on Sartre. Not only are your videos well articulated and easy to follow, but the animation really rocks as well.Who do you credit for the animation and video editing?

  • CJ Dion

    Basically he felt all humans should have their own capitalist shmuck to fund their indulgent lifestyle? What a selfless man. Seriously though, I don’t see how anyone with half a brain misses the holes in Marxist logic but then again people believe what they want to believe. Who wouldn’t want a life that’s all play and no work and all goods and services are magically provided by Engels?

  • green bastard

    1 is dumb not everybody cares about novelty and leisure which is an objective fact not all people are high on opennes infact it's rather a small amount of population, and not everybody is alienated and thanks to capitalism's innovation there's more ways to have novelty now.2 is fair, automation is a problem and no there will be alwasy jobs but they won't be for everone and we know a(and many) limit(s) exists, IQ3 is pareto principal, and it's not a problem of capitalism but of every system of creative production. If you have a fair system(with autonomy of indivual) and there is inherit diffrences on ability between indivuals(which there is, outside of social contructions), you will have inequaility of outcome. And there's nothing wrong with that some indivuals (competent and intelligent people studies and common sense shows) do better. as they should.4 no it's not you morons marx said that because he thought the middle class was unneccassary and that the economy running on "useless crap" or abundance was a bad thing for it, somehow... He was wrong on both of them, infact the opposites are true.And no boom and bust cycles are generally the fault of historical events, or the state as it hapened before capitalism, but capitalism is just so huge that you can see enourmous hit. The overhall trend is pretyy stable anyways...And no you morons some actually like to work, and no it's not that capitalism opresses, nature does , there is still scarcity so "we can't just share it all" that would be destroying it all, you see you won't have that abundance on socialism if you're least bit intellectually honest. This particular part of doctrine is the most toxic since it focuses on equality of outcome, rather than of opputunity... It's not even equality IT'S TYRANY I have to slave myself to others just because I am too competent for them to like...5 most relationships(and longterm relationships are so by defiton) still is based on low rather than resources, and again this is not about capitalism it is innate in females to care about the resources of the male(no doesn't mean all do, surely you understand statistics?) and there was always novelty marriages based on bussiness strategy and class. "we all would have "perfect" relationships ah if only EBUL CAPATALISM didn't FORCE people to marry based on wealth" 6 ANY IDEOLOGY OR RELIGION INFACT ANY IDEA THAT IS A STRONG PRIMARY IMAGINED ORDER DOES THAT INCLUDING AS ONE OF THE MOST BRUTAL EXAMPLES, COMMUNISM.... YEAH JUST SAY "IMPORTANT"Crticisims are rather weak especially since communism is, not only on implementation but in paper, much worse if you actually care about indivual liberty and from there inevitably and obviously property rights. It's not just that bolshevs and other dictatorships misinterpreted him, his teachings lead to that >0 consideration for indivual rights leads to outracities including justifiable claims for genocide>it's necessacity for central power makes it easy for malevolent to rise>"property is theft" doctrine not only neglects but actively violates and justifies violations of indivual rights. You own your body- is that bloody theft? NOYour fruits of labour comes from your body, hence you own it. Where the fuck is theft in that "it is theft when bob has more capitall than mee" and no actually capitalists work their asses to death it's not just workers- if so why their work is so automatable as you claim huh?>underestimating the complexity of economics, central planing is by defition impossible to function>it's denial of genetics, things do not go well when you deny the truth you're kinda uuuuh what's the word... DELUSIONALAnd no that's not "ad argumentum hooman nayshure" I mean it is, but not just "humans are selfish" no there is countless genetic realities a marxist should deny. The theory of evolution itself infact since evolutionary psychology tears it apart.Stop making stupidly reductionist hollow explanations of continental western philosophyStop being pretentious morons and stop indoctrinating meek minds with the regressive, bloody tower of bable that is communism.JUST STAPH

  • David Nall

    “Socialism is as beautiful as Jesus’s promise of heaven”Socialism/ Communism is a religion

  • David Nall

    8:40 “Most important ideological movements” I think he meant to say, most Murderous ideological movements

  • Cooperman666ROFL

    I don't agree with marxism or capitalism but I also agree with both, I just think a balance between them should be found

  • Miles

    I think the mistake Marxist's make is that they try to force their ideology at the state level. Instead, why not let there be low taxes at the state level and then organize much smaller and more manageable-sized communities with families of like-minded people and then pool your resources (taxes) and spend it as you wish? Grow your own food, make your own shelter, in-so-doing, not giving your resources to the greedy capitalists you often despise. This would make more sense to me anyways. Centralizing so much planning and power in one place (the state) creates too much bureaucratic corruption and leakage of efficiency. Also it destroys freedom because often when the Marxist central government is managing the choices of the nation there are many options that go out the window for the individual. For instance, in China during the 50-60's (i think) Mao forced people to move from the cities to the country side because the state needed more food resources. I can't imagine what would have happened if you decided you wanted something other than what the state deemed important. Although, I know many people were killed in that time.My point is, if you want to be a communist, start with a community, not a nation full of people with a wide variety of wants and needs. Let everyone care about their own communities. And you care about yours.

  • Mike Camire

    And who gets to decide who gets leisure time and who has to work and why on earth would I work if I can just join the leisure group and do nothing all day? I don't believe you can have true freedom with socialism or communism. I am an individual, and I have the right to chose my own path and to the things I create.

  • OrianaRose

    Reading the comment section was a bad idea. I know that Western culture portrays communism, socialism and USSR as a plague for decades, but I didn't know that there is no access to original books and films that can educate people on the subject. It feels like people are reciting something they once heard somewhere without understanding it a bit. One of the perks of democracy - give an idiot a right to speak, and he will show himself.

  • alex Debroux

    What's the point in disliking a video that's simply explaining Marx his ideas?

  • Jay Gunter

    This is also true https://youtu.be/T0uKnF_6E0Q

  • BoBandy

    They have it, let us take it. How is this different from capitalism?

  • G.D .W II

    Well we all know that Chair wasn't made in communist Russia, they were so hungry they were turning wood pulp into bread.

  • iicjlmbftn111

    saint marx i worship you

  • MoonyMan -

    Boi everyone here in the comments are raging about government crap but I'm just here to make communism memes

  • Kimo Pu'uwai

    Karl Marx is not Joseph Stalin.

  • Jackson Kellams

    So in summary, Marx only found the problems, not the solution to said problems, that's up to us to find.

  • Daniel Mcleod

    The majority of us don't have to work because we can just take it from those who work right?

  • alex Debroux

    Saying that Marx lead to the millions of deaths in the Soviet Union is like claiming that Nietzsche lead to the concentration camps under the Nazi regime. You may not like his ideology, but taking him responsible for what happened in the SU just shows your ignorance

  • HarryBoy3000

    Steven Crowder destroyed you.RIP

  • LUCIUS SATAN

    Stalin, Lenin, Zedong even Marx himselfare not real Marxists...

  • Tanya Kulova

    Everyone should read Marx

  • Thurgor Supreme

    Good ideas don't require force to exist. Sorry, but any philosophy that has to be enforced by an institution of authority is complete bullshit and holds no water. Simple as that.

  • bgoodfella7413

    The part about the over-abundance of consumer goods created and gone to waste was something I noticed for a long time. Think of all the food and products in all the stores that never get sold, get thrown out and never used. We produce more than we need. Why do they sell 15 different brands of toilet paper? It seems so wasteful and inefficient. Plus wage stagnation has been really bad for years. What's up with that? I think capitalism is still the best economic system but it definitely needs to be updated. Wages need to increase badly and the work week should be 30 hours. I'm all for more leisure time.

  • Sol Invictus

    "Capitalism has to be reformed." Such a statement shows that you didn't even bother to read Marx. Marxist dialectics doesn't work that way...

  • Chandravijay Agrawal

    Pity on Karl Marx for born at that time

  • GabeN The Great

    Being competitive is healthy. No question. Being entitled is hedonistic. The idea that lazy people are in any way, shape or form are not to blame for their short comings is a sales pitch brought to you by manipulators.

  • Helpful Edits

    5:00 This shows an utterly pathetic level of understanding of the basic principles of economics, or even what "wealth" is. Money isn't a real thing, it's a means of efficiently organizing the distribution of resources and motivating work. Meaning, if a billionaire only ends up spending around 20 million dollars in his/her lifetime (as happens extremely commonly) the fact that there's another 980 million sitting in a bank doesn't mean anything at all to the economy or to the planet's resources, it is in practice, totally non-existent and therefore can't be redistributed without causing exactly as much inflation. All that could ever be "redistributed" in reality is a person's assets. There's only about 1500 billionaires in the entire world, if you estimate that they each take up the land of about 10 middle class people. THAT'S THE ENTIRETY OF WHAT YOU CAN REDISTRIBUTE FROM THEM!!! AND IT'S A DROP IN THE BUCKET!! The idea of "surplus money," doesn't make sense. If it isn't spent, it isn't actually money. It's fictional, and if you try to turn it into food, there still won't be a single grain more food than you started with... but, you'll have destroyed the motivation of the most efficient organizers in the world, and the world's primary organizational tool and gained nothing in return...

  • Pinar Celik

    capitalism is going to die sooner or later.

  • stay stressfree

    "Our factories and systems are so efficient we could get everyone a car, house, a decent school and house... And that's what enraged Marx!" Lol need I say more?

  • HavocSquad DropOut

    I like how the narrator takes Stalin's rule which saw the death of 20-60 million and brushes it under the rug in the first minute. Might wanna change your narrative in light of facts.

  • Timmy Stepek

    Name ONE successful country that established communism and didn't end up with a dictatorship

  • Jaden Waddell

    He said that capitalism is unstable but which lasted longer the Soviet Union or the United States 🇺🇸

  • SKRRT SKRRT SKRRT

    capitalism encourages innovation

  • Alan Plint

    Comunism is better? Only people who are failers at a free market will agree.

  • The White Wolfe

    National Socialism is the best idiology.

  • limp buisness

    Too bad that people like Stalin ruined communism and gave it the bad reputation it has today

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